French bulldog colors & Patterns
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French Bulldogs are one of the most lovable dog breeds in the world. The wide variety of French Bulldog colors and patterns, along with their cute size, and amazing personalities make them perfect for any family. To help you sort through which Frenchie color is which, we made this awesome, easily to read guide just for you!
Some colors and patterns are more popular than others, but we love them all! If you have a preference of color for your future Frenchie, just contact us and we can surely make that happen.
Blue French Bulldog
Blue French Bulldogs are the most popular color right now. Trending upwards for years now. The cost can be $4,000-$6,000 depending on quality and sex. Blue French Bulldogs carry two dilute genes in the D-locus “d/d”, which is a dilute of black. Imagine adding white paint to black paint and getting a grey color with a blue tint as you blend. This is the easiest way to explain the dilution. These Frenchies tend to have blue eyes as puppies and change to grey or amber gold as they age. Blue Frenchies can be brindle, sable, and fawn as well. Blue being the base color with pattern on top.
The Blue Color Frenchie Family includes the following colors & patterns:
- Blue, solid blue base w/ very little white on face or feet
- Blue Piebald, blue patches and body being predominantly white
- Blue Brindle, blue with brindle stripes on top
- Blue Sable, blue beige base with dark blue hair tips on coat, smokey haze appearance
- Blue Fawn, fawn with a blue haze body, blue smokey mask on face
- Blue/Tan, blue base with tan points, tan point eyebrows, cheek, and feet or “socks”
- Blue/Tan Piebald, predominantly white body with blue patches along with tan point eyebrows, cheek and feet
Fawn French Bulldog
Fawn French Bulldogs can range from light to dark shades. The dark fawn or Red Frenchie tend to be the most common. Many Fawn-Colored Frenchies have a black muzzle or black mask, a white chest is acceptable, and sometimes small white patches in various spots on their bodies. The Frenchies who do not have a black mask are often referred as maskless.
The Fawn Color Frenchie Family includes the following colors & patterns:
- Fawn, the most common base color
- Fawn & White, small white patches on face or feet
- Fawn Brindle, brindle or some may say tiger stripes
- White & Fawn, predominantly white with fawn patches
- Fawn Brindle & White, base color is fawn, brindle pattern with white patches on face or feet
Brindle French Bulldog
Brindle French Bulldogs usually have a base color of black. The brindle or some call “Tiger Stripes” is a pattern on top of the base color of the Frenchie. So technically, brindle is a pattern not a color. The brindle pattern is extremely dominant and lots of USA breeders have bred away from this pattern unfortunately. So what was once in abundance now more rare because of breeding trends. We love Brindle Frenchies!
The Brindle Pattern Frenchie Family includes the following colors & patterns:
- Brindle, the most common, usually black base with light gold or brown stripes
- Brindle Piebald, brindle or some may say tiger stripes patches, body is predominantly white
- Blue, Lilac, or Any Color w/ Brindle, base color with brindle pattern on top ie blue brindle, blue base with brindle stripes
Cream French Bulldog
Cream Color Frenchies are one of the most common colors in the French Bulldog breed. Although, this color is symbol of luxury, many breeders have bred away from the cream color. The reason is that cream is the E-Locus e/e and so dominant that it can cover any color or pattern if the Frenchie is visually cream. Cream French Bulldogs appear white with a hint of yellow. The nose can be black or pink.
Having a Cream Frenchie requires more maintenance and cleaning of tear stains. Also, the light color hair is more apparent when shedding on dark floors in your home. All this aside, the color is beautiful, displays luxury, and elegance. The hint of yellow comes from dilute of fawn and pleasing to the eyes. Cream is one of our favorite colors and many pet home families inquire about this specific color.
Sable French Bulldog
Sable French Bulldogs are usually the most confusing color to identify with the naked eye. The reason is because the black tips of the hair coat can give the dog many different shades depending on angle and placement of hairs. Some sable Frenchies have this darker hair pattern on the body and down to each feet. This can sometimes give the illusion that the Frenchie has tan points, but in reality it does not have tan points. The sable shade gives the Frenchie a smokey haze over its base color. Sable is possible with most colors except cream.
The Sable Pattern Frenchie Family includes the following colors & patterns:
- Sable, the most common, usually black base with light gold or brown stripes
- Sable Piebald, sable patches and body being predominantly white
- Blue, Lilac, or Any Color w/ Sable, base color with sable on top ie blue sable, blue base with sable haze on top
Black French Bulldog
Solid Black French Bulldogs are extremely rare. Most of the black Frenchies you see are usually brindle in actuality. The stripes are so subtle and as the Frenchie ages you will start seeing the brindle stripes. That being said, if you are presented with a Black Frenchie, definitely request to see detail pictures or video to analyze the true color. Another term you will hear is “seal”. Solid Black French Bulldogs are considered “seal” and there dna should read “a/a” in the A-Locus.
Lilac French Bulldog
Lilac French Bulldogs are very rare and getting more popular as the French Bulldog community become more informed and exposed to the beautiful color. This shade carry two copies of dilute D-locus (blue) d/d and two copies of recessive B-Locus (chocolate) b/b. A lilac must carry two copies of these locus or it is not considered a lilac color. If you have been told your Frenchie is a lilac and does not carry this color dna pattern, it is not a lilac and unfortunately you have been duped. Lilac Frenchies tend to have more of a purple shade compared to the infamous Blue Frenchies, sometimes very similar in shade with the naked eye. Also, the Lilac Frenchie will have yellow eyes. In Frenchies, only Lilac & Chocolate French Bulldogs have yellow eyes. Lilac French Bulldogs can range from $5,000 – $10,000 depending on quality, sex, and breeding pair.
The Lilac Color Frenchie Family includes the following colors & patterns:
- Lilac, light purple base w/ very little white on face or feet
- Lilac Piebald, lilac patches and body being predominantly white
- Lilac Brindle, lilac with brindle stripes on top
- Lilac Sable, purple beige base with dark purple hair tips on coat, smokey haze appearance
- Lilac Fawn, fawn with a blue haze body, blue smokey mask on face
- Lilac/Tan, purple base with tan points, tan point eyebrows, cheek, and feet or “socks”
- Lilac/Tan Piebald, predominantly white body with lilac patches along with tan point eyebrows, cheek and feet
Piebald French Bulldog
The word “piebald” originates from a combination of “pie,” from “magpie”, and “bald”, meaning “white patch” or spot. The reference is to the distinctive black-and-white plumage of the magpie. In French Bulldog, piebald can come in many colors not just black and white. The Piebald French Bulldog is popular with pet family homes. Breeders tend to not keep this pattern of Frenchie as breeding stock. Also, Piebald is not a color yet a pattern. If a breeder refers a piebald as a color, they are not carry proper knowledge of color dna within the French Bulldog breed.
Merle French Bulldog
Merle is a genetic pattern that can be in a French Bulldog’s coat. Merle French Bulldogs come in different colors and patterns and can affect all coat colors. The merle gene creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat and blue or odd-colored eyes. Over the last 3 years, the Merle French Bulldog have become extremely popular. The unique spotting pattern is attractive to the naked eye. These patterns are inconsistent and very much like throwing paint against the wall. This is pattern has been more desirable with breeders especially the blue merle French Bulldog. Merle French Bulldogs can range from $5,000 – $15,000 depending pattern, shade, quality, sex, or breeding pair. Let’s just say Merle French Bulldogs have a wow factor, visually and financially.
Cocoa French Bulldog
Cocoa French Bulldogs are simply beautiful with their piercing yellow eyes. The cocoa color is created by having two copies of the cocoa gene co/co. The first Cocoa French Bulldogs were not able to be tested for the cocoa gene til recently this past year. This color is rare and not as popular as the blue and lilac French Bulldogs. Although, as more Cocoa French Bulldogs are being produced. The Frenchie community has seen an influx or more Cocoa Frenchies.
The Cocoa Color Frenchie Family includes the following colors & patterns:
- Cocoa, dark brown base w/ very little white on face or feet
- Cocoa Piebald, dark brown patches and body being predominantly white
- Cocoa Brindle, dark brown with brindle stripes on top
- Cocoa Fawn, fawn with a brown haze body, brown smokey mask on face
- Cocoa/Tan, dark brown base with tan points, tan point eyebrows, cheek, and feet or “socks”
- Cocoa/Tan Piebald, predominantly white body with dark brown patches along with tan point eyebrows, cheek and feet
Testable Chocolate French Bulldog
Testable? What’s a Testable Chocolate French Bulldog? Over the last 7 years plus, the chocolate recessive allele would not show in a color dna test, being untestable, but visually with the naked eye these Frenchie’s appearance were chocolate shade with yellow eyes. Recently, these dogs were classified as “Cocoa French Bulldogs”. Moving forward, the French Bulldogs that did show positive for the recessive gene b/b (B-Locus) were referred by breeders as “Testable Chocolate” French Bulldogs. The appearance is a chocolate with a lighter shade like a milk chocolate color and vibrant yellow eyes to compliment. We believe this shade as it gets more apparent within the breed will more desirable to the naked eye. Breeders are already flocking to acquire the allele to introduce in to their breeding programs. These rare shade of testable chocolate puppies can range from $15,000 to $50,000.
The Testable Chocolate Color Frenchie Family includes the following colors & patterns:
- Chocolate, light brown base w/ very little white on face or feet
- Chocolate Piebald, light brown patches and body being predominantly white
- Chocolate Brindle, light brown with brindle stripes on top
- Chocolate Fawn, fawn with a light brown haze body, brown smokey mask on face
- Chocolate/Tan, light brown base with tan points, tan point eyebrows, cheek, and feet or “socks”
- Chocolate/Tan Piebald, predominantly white body with dark brown patches along with tan point eyebrows, cheek and feet
- Chocolate “Irish Piebald”, the appearance of a piebald but does not carry the piebald allele gene in a DNA test
Isabella Lilac French Bulldog
Isabella Lilacs are the most rare color of French Bulldog for enthusiast at the moment. This rare color is predominantly owned by breeders and used for adding more offspring to the French Bulldog gene pool. An Isabella Lilac Frenchie carries to copies of the dilute D-Locus d/d and two copies of the recessive B-Locus b/b (testable chocolate). If the Frenchie at hand does not carry this dna combination, it is not an Isabella. The shade of these Frenchies can visually be tricky. They have a purple/chocolate tint depending how the coat appears. Some have a base color of blue within the hair and the tips chocolate giving it a more shimmery look. Others may have base of chocolate with the hair and tips being blue, which makes the Frenchie appear more like champagne shade with a purple tint. A Isabella Lilac Frenchie currently ranges from $30,000 to $100,000. Again, these rare shades are owned by breeders and still in the early stages of refining the quality of these rare French Bulldogs.
The Isabella Lilac Color Frenchie Family includes the following colors & patterns:
- Isabella Lilac, light beige w/ purple tint, very little white on face or feet
- Isabella Lilac Piebald, light beige purple tint patches and body being predominantly white
- Isabella Lilac Brindle, light beige, purple tint with brindle stripes on top
- Isabella Lilac Fawn, light fawn purple tint with a light beige purple haze body, beige smokey mask on face
- Isabella Lilac/Tan, light beige purple tint base with tan points, tan point eyebrows, cheek, and feet or “socks”
- sabella Lilac/Tan Piebald, predominantly white body with light beige purple tint patches along with tan point eyebrows, cheek and feet
- Isabella Lilac “Irish Piebald”, the appearance of a piebald but does not carry the piebald allele gene in a dna test
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