While common Frenchies have a solid color coat, a merle French Bulldog’s coat has a base color with patches of irregular or regular stripes and spots that can be several different colors (we’ll get to that later). These special patterns are what make the merle Frenchie easily identifiable and highly sought after.
French Bulldogs are bred with dogs that have the merle gene, usually a chihuahua, to create a merle French Bulldog. After this, two merle French Bulldogs can be bred to create more but, again, this would mean the puppies are not purebred since the parents aren’t. Because of this, the American Kennel Club (AKC), does not recognize the merle French Bulldog as a standard breed color.
What Issues do Merle French Bulldogs Have?
French Bulldogs, in general, are known to be prone to several medical issues. As we mentioned before, the merle French Bulldogs are crossbred. This means that health problems are almost always certain, and even more so if two merles are bred.
Here are some possible complications to be aware of:
- Intertrigo: inflamed skin cause by skin folds rubbing together
- Brachycephalic Obstructive Syndrome (BOS): difficulties breathing due to small-sized skull
- Perineal Hernia: displaced pelvic abdominal organs
- Luxating Patella: a dislocated patella (kneecap)
- Atopic Dermatitis (Atopy): an allergy to an environmental substance
- Epilepsy: reoccurring seizures